History of photography

Ancient times: camera obscura used to form images on walls in darkened rooms; image formation via a pinhole
16th century: brightness and clarity of camera obscuras improved by enlarging the hole inserting a telescope lens
17th century camera obscuras in frequent use by artists and made portable in the form of sedan chairs
1727. Professor J. Schulze mixes chalk, nitric acid, and silver in a flask; notices darkening on side of flask exposed to sunlight. Accidental creation of the first photo-sensitive compound.
1800. Thomas Wedgwood makes "sun pictures" by placing opaque objects on leather treated with silver nitrate; resulting images deteriorated rapidly, however, if displayed under light stronger than from candles.
1816. Nicéphore Niépce combines the camera obscura with photosensitive paper
1826.Niépce creates a permanent image
1834. Henry Fox Talbot creates permanent (negative) images using paper soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution. Talbot created positive images by contact printing onto another sheet of paper.
1841. Talbot patents his process under the name "calotype"
1853. Nada (Felix Toumachon) opens his portrait studio in Paris
1855. beginning of stereoscopic era
1861. Scottish physicist James Clerk-Maxwell demonstrates a color photography system involving three black and white photographs, each taken through a red, green, or blue filter. The photos were turned into lantern slides and projected in registration with the same color filters. This is the "color separation" method.
1861-65. Mathew Brady and staff (mostly staff) covers the American Civil War, exposing 7000 negatives
1868. Ducas de Hauron publishes a book proposing a variety of methods for color photography.
1872. Eduard Maybridge shooted first photo of moving objects.
1880. George Eastman, age 24, sets up Eastman Dry Plate Company in Rochester, New York. First half-tone photograph appears in a daily newspaper, the New York Graphic.
1888. Eastman found name Kodak and make first Kodak camera which is selled with marketing line: "You just press we do the rest"
1889. Improved Kodak camera with roll of film instead of paper
1907. first commercial color film, the Autochrome plates, manufactured by Lumiere brothers in France
1914. Oscar Barnack, employed by German microscope manufacturer Leitz, develops camera using the modern 24x36mm frame and sprocketed 35mm movie film.
1917. Nippon Kogaku K.K., which will eventually become Nikon, established in Tokyo.
1923. First cameras with motor transport of film.
1924. Leitz markets a derivative of Barnack's camera commercially as the "Leica", the first high quality 35mm camera.
1925. First use of flash light
1928. Kodak first color film, Kodakcolor
1932. George Eastman, aged 77, writes suicide note--"My work is done. Why wait?"--and shoots himself.
1934. Fuji photo film founded
1934. First Canon camera, known as Hansa
1935 First slide film, Kodakchrome, development of Exakta, pioneering 35mm single-lens reflex (SLR) camera
1936. Exakta is accepted as first SLR camera but there is a doubt that is the first one Russian camera Gomz "Sport 1935"
1938. First camera with lightmeter
1947. Minolta 35, first Minolta 35mm SLR camera
1948. Hasselblad in Sweden offers its first medium-format SLR for commercial sale.
1949. East German Zeiss develops the Contax S, first SLR with an unreversed image in a pentaprism viewfinder
1959. Nikon F introduced.
1963 first color instant film developed by Polaroid; Instamatic released by Kodak; first purpose-built underwater introduced, the Nikonos
1972. 110-format cameras introduced by Kodak with a 13x17mm frame
1982. Sony demonstrates Mavica "still video" camera
1985. Minolta markets the world's first autofocus SLR system (called "Maxxum" in the US)
1992. Kodak introduced Photo CD
1995: Kodak DCS 460, Pro DSLR with 6,2MP
1996. Nikon F5, first camera with color metering sistem
1997. Digital cameras slowly coming on the market
1998. Dpreview founded, the most known digital photo portal
1998. Digital market is growing, cameras with 1MP on the amater market
1999. 2MP amater cameras on the market.
2000. 3MP barrier broken, more brands on the market
2003. Digital cameras slowly but sure take advantage on the market.
2004. 5MP become standard for average amater camera, DSLR cameras breake magic price of 1000$ for body.

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